The Overland Monthly was first issue was published in July 1868 founded by Anton Roman, edited by Bret Harte in San Francisco, and continued until late 1875. The first issue mostly included contributions from the "Golden State Trinity": Harte, Stoddard, and Ina Coolbrith. The original publishers, in 1880, started The Californian, which became The Californian and Overland Monthly in October 1882. In January 1883, the effort reverted to The Overland Monthly (starting again with Volume I, number 1). It was based in San Francisco until at least 1921. In 1923 the magazine merged with Out West to become Overland Monthly and the Out West magazine, and ended publication in July 1935.